The benefits of using active voice
Active voice is a style of writing or speaking where the subject of the sentence performs the action, while in passive voice, the subject receives the action. Using active voice in your writing or speaking can provide several benefits, including:
- Clarity: Active voice makes it clear who or what is performing the action in a sentence, which can help readers or listeners understand the meaning of the sentence more easily.
- Conciseness: Active voice is generally more concise than passive voice because it uses fewer words to convey the same information. This can make your writing or speech more efficient and easier to understand.
- Directness: Active voice is more direct and assertive than passive voice, which can make your writing or speech more engaging and persuasive.
- Improved flow: Active voice can help improve the flow of your writing or speech by making it more natural and easier to follow. Passive voice can sometimes result in awkward phrasing or difficult-to-follow sentence structures.
- Engagement: Active voice can help engage your audience by creating a sense of immediacy and involvement in the action. This can make your writing or speech more compelling and memorable.
The benefits of using passive voice
While the active voice is generally preferred in most types of writing, the passive voice can be used strategically to achieve certain effects. Here are some benefits of using the passive voice:
- Emphasizing the action instead of the actor: By using the passive voice, you can focus more on the action being taken rather than who is taking the action. This can be particularly useful when the actor is unknown or unimportant or you don’t want to assign blame or responsibility.
- Creating a more formal tone: The passive voice can give your writing a more formal and academic tone. It can make your writing sound more objective, detached, and impersonal.
- Avoiding personal pronouns: In some types of writing, such as scientific or technical writing, it is common to avoid using personal pronouns. The passive voice can help achieve this goal by allowing you to write without using “I,” “we,” or “you.”
- Adding variety to your writing: Using the passive voice can add variety to your writing and prevent it from becoming monotonous. Alternating between active and passive constructions can make your writing more interesting and engaging.
- Maintaining focus on the topic: In some cases, using the passive voice can help you to maintain focus on the topic or subject matter. By downplaying the actor’s role, you can keep the reader’s attention on the thing being acted upon.